Rhythmic music – 2nd year | Education world


Topic: Music

Class: 2

Objective of the lesson: To learn more about what a rhythm is and how it is different from a beat.

Common basic standard: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.2.7 – Explain how specific images (for example, a diagram showing the operation of a machine) contribute and clarify a text.



To say:

  • Does anyone know what a rhythm is? (Let the students answer).


To say/Make:

Say: To understand what a rhythm is, you must also understand what a beat is. A rhythm and a beat in music are two different things, but they are linked to create and play music. A beat is a constant pulse in music, similar to the ticking of a clock. A rhythm is the length of time between each beat. This is the real sound of music. In a song, it is also the same as the song’s lyrics.

Say: Understanding rhythm is important when learning to sing, dance, or play musical instruments. You will now review the difference between a rhythm and a beat and answer a few questions. Afterwards, you will do applause exercises that show the rhythm and the beat.

Provide a worksheet.

Say: If you have completed your worksheet, we can start the applause exercises.

It may be better for the students to stand.

Say: the first round of applause will be a warm-up. I’m going to clap a rhythmic pattern, and I want you to repeat the claps for me.

Start with a simple pattern and make a few different ones.

Say: Now that we’ve warmed up, let’s learn the difference between a beat and a beat when it appears in a song. You will do an applause exercise on the song “Itsy Bitsy Spider”. Here is a handout to show when to clap for a beat and when to clap for a rhythm.

Provide the second document.

Say: Let’s start with the rhythm only.

Walk through the song, clapping to the beat.

Say: Now let’s just try the rhythm.

Walk through the song, clapping to the beat.

Say: Finally, we’re going to divide the class in half. One half will do the rhythm, and the other half will do the rhythm.

Divide the class in half and go through the song with half a clap beat and the other beat. Repeat if necessary.

Ask: Does anyone have questions?


Ask: who wants to share what they learned today about rhythms? You can use the diagrams in the documents to help you explain.

Allow students to share.

Written by Sara Menges

Contributor from the world of education

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